Many people from different countries move to the US to work. As being an alien, for working in the US, a temporary working visa or a permanent residency is required.
If working in the US is your major concern then, you must apply for a working visa. Usually, a visa needs to be applied to the US Department of State (DOS).
But several countries do not require a working visa in the US and can work freely.
The working visas in the US are categorized as non-immigrant visas and immigrant visas. But, several other categories authorize people to work in the US. Each of the visas has its own requirements and eligibilities.
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Having high skills, education, and years of work experience, may allow people to work in the US permanently. The collaboration of these three allow people to work on an employment-based immigrant visa.
Generally, to apply for a work visa in the US, first, USCIS must approve your petition. Then, only you can apply through DOS for the visa.
Residing in the US as a lawful nonimmigrant doesn't give people the legal rights to work. They have to go through certain procedures that will authorize them to work in the US legally.
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People generally seek for:
Changing their status to another nonimmigrant status that permits them to work.
Adjusting their status to become a permanent resident.
For the H1-B visa, the individual must be willing to work in a specialty field, cooperative research, development projects, and several other categories. There are several requirements to be on an H-1B visa and some of them are:
Individuals must hold at least a Bachelors's degree from a US accredited college. The degree requirement depends on the specialty occupation.
Or, hold a degree from a foreign country that is equivalent to the US degree at least to a Bachelors's degree.
Hold a state license or certification that allows you to perform the designated specialty occupation
To be on an H1-B visa, the company must sponsor you and upon all the requirements completed, you will be legally authorized to work in the US.
H-2A program is for US employers to bring people from foreign nationals to the US and allow them to work in the agricultural fields. This program is limited to certain countries and some of them are Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, and many more.
Unlike H-2A, H-2B is for US employers to bring people from foreign nationals to the US and allow them to work in the non-agricultural fields. But there are certain things that are required for the petitioner to establish:
Lack of US workers willing to work in that field
Employing foreign people in the work field should not affect the working condition of the US worker.
Regardless of the job is temporary or not, but the need for the worker is temporary. The need of the employee is referred temporary if it is a(n): One-time occurrence, Seasonal need, Peak-load need, Intermittent need.
People from a foreign country are allowed to be on an H-3 visa as either a trainee or a special education exchange visitor. There are different fields that trainees are invited to receive the training such as Agriculture, Commerce, Communications, Finance, and many others.
H-3 visa is not for employment purposes in the US but instead, it is to receive training related to the job that will be performed outside of the US.
The eligibility requirements for the I visa are:
An individual from foreign media like the press, radio, film, or other foreign information media
An individual coming to the US to involve solely in the media profession mentioned above and,
Having an office in a foreign country.
Individuals must show proof of being from foreign media
Must show the essentiality of the activities being performed
Some of the other Working Visa in the US are:
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