Applying for Schengen Visa has been a heated topic for several years. People are constantly asking and looking for how to apply for Schengen Visa.
A Schengen visa is a visa that allows people to stay in the Schengen area for up to 90 days. Schengen visa is provided for people originally from outside the Schengen Area for tourism purposes or business reasons.
Let's go along with this together by digging through each content in detail. This way you will understand every bit of Schengen, Schengen Area, and Schengen Visa.
Schengen in simple words means control free or passport-free. It is the legal agreement between several countries, most of which are the countries of the European Union (EU), to have a border-free relationship. It is said to be the largest area in the world where there are no restrictions on passing goods or even people from one Schengen country to another.
You might have heard of or even experienced that in the US or even in most of the other countries, there is no requirement for a passport or a visa to go from one state to another. The only key difference here is instead of the state, people can freely move from one country to another country of the Schengen area.
Now, let's know about what is a Schengen area and how many countries comprise the Schengen area.
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The Schengen Area is the world's largest area where there are no restrictions for people living in that area to travel to every nook and cranny within the Schengen area. The Schengen Area comprises 26 European countries. Out of these 26 countries, 22 countries of the Schengen area are part of the European Union.
The 22 EU countries that are the part of Schengen Area are Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden.
Now, you might be wondering what are the rest of the four non-EU countries of the Schengen Area?
The four non-EU countries of the Schengen Area are Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein.
All these countries of the Schengen Area share common visa policy and international travel rules and regulations.
To enter these countries of the Schengen Area, a Schengen visa is required. As we say 2 in 1, the Schengen Visa is 26 in 1. A single visa permits you to have a short trip to all these 26 countries.
Schengen visa is a short term or a short stay visa using which people can travel to all the countries of the Schengen Area without any restrictions or limitations. To travel to Europe, people don't need to get a visa for each country. But instead, people commonly get a Schengen visa so that they can enjoy the journey to all 26 different countries of Europe that are also the countries of the Schengen Area.
Let's first find out the list of the countries that require and that don't require to have a Schengen Visa.
Not all countries require a Schengen Visa, but most of the countries do. There is a certain list of countries that are free to enter the Schengen Area even without having a Schengen Visa. While at the same time, some others are restricted to enter the Schengen Area without having a valid Schengen Visa.
These restricted countries must go through several legal processes from filling up the application to taking interviews. Only with the successful completion of all these processes, one can enter the Schengen Area with a valid passport with no further restrictions.
5. The Gambia
9. Papua New Guinea
12. Palestinian Authority
27. Sao Tome And Principe
30. Saudi Arabia
36. Sierra Leone
40. Burkina Faso
42. South Africa
43. Burma/ Myanmar
45. South Sudan
48. Sri Lanka
55. Cape Verde
58. Central African Republic
73. Cote D'Ivoire
79. Dem. Rep. Of Congo
85. Dominican Republic
94. Equatorial Guinea
106. North Korea
107. Northern Marianas
Several countries require an Airport Transit Schengen Visa for traveling within the Schengen Area.
Before moving onto it, let's have a brief intro of what an Airport Transit Schengen Visa is.
An Airport Transit Schengen Visa is a visa or a permit that is required for the people of several countries to successfully go through the Schengen Airport. Ones holding this visa are required to stay in the international transit area up until the flight to their destination country.
But there is a restriction, that the individuals holding this visa cannot leave the international transit area regardless of how long it takes them for their flight time.
Note: The individuals requiring to travel to more than one Schengen airport are not considered eligible for the Airport Transit Schengen Visa. They instead require a normal C type Schengen Visa.
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Below are the lists of the countries that require an airport transit visa when going through the international transit area of any of the Schengen area airports.
3. The Democratic Republic of the Congo
12. Sri Lanka
Applying for a Schengen Visa requires several of the required documents. These documents are part of the Schengen Visa Application process. But one should first make sure to know if they require a Schengen Visa to enter Europe or not.
So, be sure to scroll up and see the list of the countries that need a Schengen Visa to enter the Schengen Area.
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Fully completed and legally signed visa application
1. Two recent photos
2. A valid and legal passport
3. Round trip reservation or trip itinerary
4. Travel insurance policy
5. Proof of accommodation
6. Proof of financial means or stability
7. Proof of paid visa fee
Applying for any type of Schengen visa or any reason for travel, these documents are the most needed documents for all.
Certain Schengen visa requirements need to be fulfilled and it depends on the current employment status of the applicant.
Recent bank statement prior to 6 months.
Depart approval from the recent employer.
Income Tax Return (ITR) of the current job income
A legal copy of the business license.
Company's recent bank statement prior to 6 months
Income Tax Return (ITR).
Proof of enrollment
Proof of approval from the designated school or university
Pension statement prior to 6 months.
1. Birth certificate of Minor
2. Complete Application with the signature of both parents.
3. Family court order - if only one parent acquires full custody
4. Legal and stamped copies of ID/passport of both parents.
5. A legalized parental authorization with the signature of both parents in case of traveling individually.
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Several documents must be submitted when applying for an Airport Transit Schengen Visa
1. A valid visa for the ultimate country destination, only if required
2. The flight ticket for the ultimate country destination
Several documents must be submitted when applying for a Schengen Visa for visiting the closed ones.
1. Affidavit of Support
2. Travel Itinerary
3. Means of Subsistence
4. Letter of Invitation
1. Bank statement
2. Affidavit of Support
3. Travel Itinerary
All the list of the main documents required for all the visa types and also the requirements based on the applicant's employment status.
1. A letter from a doctor or hospital with proof of medical treatment.
2. Official confirmation from the hospital in the EU.
3. Proof of financial stability such as
a. Bank statements.
b. Sponsorship Letter and sponsor's bank statement
c. Evidence of prior payments needed for treatment
1. Two different application forms
2. Acceptance letter from the designated EU University or College.
3. Evidence supporting financial source
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