The computer science field is one of the most rapidly growing areas in the world today. The demand for skilled workers in this area has increased dramatically over the past few years as more people have begun to use computers in their everyday lives. As a result, many colleges are now offering courses in computer science. In addition, there are also many high-tech companies that offer positions specifically designed for those with an interest in computer science.
There are two main types of jobs available in the computer science field. One type involves developing software programs while the other involves designing hardware components such as microprocessors or memory chips. Both types of jobs require a college degree in computer science. However, some employers prefer candidates who have experience working with specific programming languages rather than having a general education in computer science. Computer scientists can work in a variety of different industries including electronics, telecommunications, banking, insurance, retailing, manufacturing, government, health care, and research. Some of these fields may be too large to list here; however, you should keep in mind that even though they may not be listed below, all of them will need someone with a background in computer science. Some careers in computer science degrees are mentioned below:
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A computer scientist may be employed in many different capacities, including research, teaching, industry, government, and military. Some computer scientists specialize in one area, while others have expertise across several areas. For example, a systems engineer might focus on designing the hardware components of a computer system, while an electrical engineer would focus on designing the power supply and other physical aspects of a PC’s motherboard. In contrast, a software developer focuses exclusively on writing code for a particular type of programmable computer.
A computer programmer writes source code that instructs a computer how to perform certain tasks. Source code can be written in any number of programming languages, but most programmers use C++, Java, Python, PHP, Visual Basic.NET, etc., although some prefer to write their own programming language. However, they must possess strong analytical skills and be able to communicate effectively with clients and colleagues. Many companies require a bachelor’s degree in computer science, math, or related subjects, and/or experience working in a similar role.
A software engineer is responsible for developing applications such as games, business programs, and operating systems. Software engineers are also involved in creating tools used by developers, testing those products, and maintaining them after release.
A career in computer science requires a high level of technical knowledge but also involves extensive communication skills. You will need to learn about computer architecture, operating systems, networking protocols, databases, web applications, and much more.
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Computer Science careers: Salary
Salaries vary widely depending on location, experience, and employer. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported median annual salaries for computer scientists were $126,830 in May 2020. Salaries for computer scientists are projected to grow 7% from 2010 to 2020, which is faster than the average for all occupations. The average salary for computer scientists in 2012 was $105,700 according to PayScale.com.
The top 10 highest paying states for computer scientists include California ($116,500), New York ($115,000), Massachusetts ($114,000), Texas ($113,200), Washington ($112,000), Illinois ($111,000), Pennsylvania ($110,600), Florida ($109,700), Ohio ($108,400), and Maryland ($107,800). The top 10 lowest paying states for computer scientists included Mississippi ($45,300), West Virginia ($46,900), Kentucky ($47,000), Tennessee ($48,100), Alabama ($49,200), Arkansas ($50,000), Oklahoma ($51,000), Louisiana ($52,500), Missouri ($53,000), and Nevada ($54,000).
In addition to salary, benefits are important factors when considering a job offer. Benefits typically include health insurance, retirement plans, paid vacation days, sick leave, and disability insurance. Computer science jobs tend to provide better benefits than other fields, according to the BLS. As you advance your career, you may find yourself moving into management positions where you’ll have greater responsibility and authority over others. This could lead to higher pay and additional opportunities for advancement.
Computer Science Careers: Job Outlook
According to the U.S. Department of Commerce, employment for computer scientists is expected to grow 27%, while employment for all occupations is expected to increase 8%. In 2012, there should be 1.5 million open jobs in the United States.
According to the U.S Census Bureau’s 2011 American Community Survey, there were 431,610 people employed as computer programmers in the United States. Of these, about 2% worked full time, and another 5% worked part-time. There were an estimated 3,842,000 computer support specialists in the country. About 12% of this group worked full-time, and another 19% worked part-time.
What Can I do with Computer Science Degree
Computer science is a broad field that includes many different areas of study. Some computer scientists specialize in programming, while others focus on data analysis or artificial intelligence. The degree you earn will depend on the area of specialization you choose to pursue. For example, if you decide to major in computer science, you may choose to concentrate on one of these topics:
- Software Engineering – Developing software using object-oriented design techniques and other methods.
- Information Systems – Analyzing and managing large amounts of data.
- Database Management – Designing database management systems.
- Computer Architecture – Understanding hardware components and how they interact.
- Network Security – Protecting networks against hackers and viruses.
- Web Development – Creating websites and interactive online content.
The best way to determine what type of career path would suit you best is to take some time to explore the different options within computer science.
How Do I Get Started With Computer Science
The first step towards becoming a computer scientist is to enroll in college. Most colleges offer at least two majors, so you can pick up a second major once you have completed your freshman year. If you don’t know which major to choose, consider taking courses in several different disciplines. This will give you exposure to many different types of technology and help you find out what you enjoy most.
Once you’ve decided on a major, you’ll need to select a concentration. Your concentration should be related to the type of work you hope to do in your future career. For instance, if you plan to become an application developer, you might want to choose a course focused on Java or C++. If you’re interested in working as a network administrator, you could opt for a course in computer networking.
After completing your undergraduate studies, you’ll likely want to attend graduate school. You can either go directly into a master’s program or continue on to earn a doctorate. A master’s degree usually takes around two years to complete, but a doctoral program can last anywhere from four to six years. Once you’ve earned your bachelor’s degree, you’ll also need to pass the appropriate licensing exams in order to practice as a professional computer scientist.
Specialization within Computer Science
As mentioned above, you can specialize in one area of computer science by choosing a concentration. You can even combine specializations to create your own unique niche. For example, you might take a course in software engineering and then focus your research on the security of web applications. Or, you could study artificial intelligence and then use that knowledge to build a chatbot. There are countless possibilities! Once you’ve chosen what areas of computer science interest you most, you can begin to narrow down your options. You never know where your interests will lead you! Some concentration includes:
Artificial Intelligence – Artificial intelligence focuses on creating intelligent machines. This includes everything from voice recognition to self-driving cars. AI researchers develop algorithms and models that allow computers to think and act as humans do. One way they accomplish this is through machine learning, which involves teaching computers to recognize patterns in data.
Network Security – Network security experts protect networks from attacks. They analyze network traffic, identify vulnerabilities, and prevent hackers from accessing sensitive information. Network security professionals typically use tools such as packet sniffers, firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and vulnerability scanners.
Database Management Systems (DBMSs) – DBMSs store large amounts of data. They organize this data into databases, allowing users to search them easily. DBMSs also provide ways to access and modify data. Database management systems are used in many different industries, including finance, healthcare, retail, manufacturing, government, and education.
Mobile Applications – Mobile application developers design apps for mobile devices including smartphones and tablets. Apps are small programs that run on these devices. They are used to perform everyday functions such as checking email or taking pictures. Many companies hire app developers because their products need an app.
Operating System Design – Operating system designers create the basic structure of a computer’s operating system. The OS controls how hardware components interact with each other. It manages memory, processes requests from user programs, and handles input/output operations. An operating system designer may work for a company that makes its own operating system or for a company that creates a version of another operating system.
Computer Graphics – Computer graphics specialists create 3D visual effects for movies, video games, and television shows. They often use specialized software called rendering engines to create realistic images.
Robotics – Robotics engineers build robots that move around autonomously. Robots can be programmed to perform specific tasks. For example, they could pick up objects, transport items, or assist surgeons during surgery.
Virtual Reality – Virtual reality technology allows people to experience something that feels real even though it isn’t. VR headsets display virtual environments that look like physical spaces. People wear these headsets while interacting with simulations created by programmers. Some examples include driving cars, flying planes, and walking through buildings.
Data Mining – Data mining involves analyzing large amounts of data to find patterns and trends. This helps businesses gain valuable insights into customer behavior. Businesses use data mining to predict future demand and choose which products will sell best.
Digital Forensics – Digital forensics is the process of recovering deleted files, locating lost hard drives, and identifying digital evidence left behind by criminals. Forensic analysts examine computers, cell phones, and other electronic devices to determine what was done on them.
Data Visualization – Data visualization uses graphics to represent information. This allows users to understand complicated concepts easily. Examples include charts, graphs, maps, and diagrams. These tools help people make sense of large quantities of data.
Business Analytics – Business analytics specialists help companies improve their business processes through the analysis of data. They use statistical methods to analyze data sets and identify trends. Business analytics is useful for predicting sales, choosing marketing strategies, and making strategic decisions.
Data Scientist – Data scientists perform mathematical calculations and statistical analyses to solve problems related to data mining. They also develop algorithms that extract meaningful knowledge from large datasets. Data scientists use statistics and machine learning techniques to answer questions about big data.
Machine Learning – Machine learning specialists develop algorithms that enable computers to learn without being explicitly programmed. In this way, machines can adapt to new situations and respond in ways that humans cannot.
Information Security Specialist – Information security specialists protect organizations’ computer networks against malicious attacks. They ensure that systems are secure and prevent unauthorized access to sensitive data. They may test the software before deployment to verify that it doesn’t have any vulnerabilities.
Security Analysts– Security analysts identify vulnerabilities in computer systems and recommend solutions to fix them. They work closely with system administrators to assess network security risks.
Database Administrator – Database administrators manage databases containing information about customers, employees, inventory, or finances. They must be familiar with database management systems (DBMS) such as Oracle, SQL Server, MySQL, PostgreSQL, and others.
Network Administrators – Network administrators maintain a company’s computer network infrastructure. They install, configure, and troubleshoot hardware and software components. They oversee the operation of servers, routers, switches, firewalls, and other networking equipment.
Programmers – Programmers write code that instructs a computer to carry out specific tasks. They create programs that automate repetitive jobs, add features to existing software, or provide functionality not available in standard applications.
Systems Analyst – Systems analysts evaluate how well computer systems work and make recommendations about improvements. They look at things like performance, reliability, scalability, usability, and maintenance costs.
Systems Administrator – Systems administrator manages the day-to-day operations of a computer network. They monitor server activity and ensure that users have the necessary permissions to do their job effectively. And they also maintain file storage devices, operating systems, and other essential computing resources.
Project Managers – Project managers coordinate teams of people who work on projects together. They assign responsibilities to team members, set deadlines, and keep everyone working toward common goals.
Online Computer Science Degree Programs
An online degree program is an excellent option if you want to earn your bachelor’s degree while still maintaining employment. You will need to complete coursework from home, but many employers prefer applicants with degrees. Online courses are typically self-paced so you can work around your schedule. If you decide to pursue this route, here are some options:
University of Phoenix Online Bachelor of Arts in Computer Science
Arizona State University Online Bachelor of Science in Information Technology
The Arizona State University online bachelor’s degree in IT includes four areas of study: software engineering, web development, information technology management, and cybersecurity. Courses include topics such as project management, data structures, database administration, and security.
Drexel University Online Bachelor of Science In Computer Science
The Drexel University online bachelor’s degree in CS offers three specializations: Web Application Development, Data Analytics, and Cybersecurity. This program allows students to focus on one area of specialization, which means they can develop expertise in a particular field without having to take additional classes.
University of California Online Bachelor of Science in Computer Science
UC Berkeley has two online bachelor’s degrees in computer science. One focuses on software engineering and another on cyber security. Both programs provide students with strong fundamentals in algorithms, databases, networking, and operating systems.
University of Maryland Online Bachelor of Science in Computing
The University of Maryland online bachelor’s program in computing offers five different concentrations: Database Management Systems, Networking, Operating System, Programming Languages, and Security. Each concentration requires a specific number of credits, but all require a total of 120 credits.
University of Washington Online Bachelor of Science in Computational Linguistics
The UW online bachelor’s in computational linguistics teaches students how to analyze language using computers. Students gain knowledge about natural language processing, machine learning, artificial intelligence, and other related fields.
University of Pittsburgh Online Bachelor of Science in Cybersecurity
The UPMC online bachelor’s cybersecurity program covers the following topics: network infrastructure, computer forensics, cryptography, digital forensics, malware analysis, incident response, vulnerability assessment, penetration testing, ethical hacking, and cloud computing.
University of Southern California Online Bachelor of Arts in Computer Science
USC’s online bachelor’s of arts in computer science is designed for people who want to pursue an undergraduate degree while working full-time or part-time. The curriculum is focused on developing basic programming skills. Students will also have access to a variety of courses that cover topics like data structures, algorithms, object-oriented programming, and web technologies.
The University of Texas at Austin Online Bachelor of Science in Software Engineering
UT Austin’s online bachelor’s in software engineering provides students with the opportunity to earn a bachelor’s degree while still employed full time. The program consists of six core courses and eight electives. Students must complete 30 credit hours to graduate.
Vanderbilt University Online Bachelor of Science in Information Technology
Vanderbilt University’s online bachelor’s in information technology (IT) program is designed to help students prepare for careers in information technology management and development. It includes four core courses and seven elective courses.
West Virginia University Online Bachelor of Science Degree in Computer Science
WVU’s online bachelor’s S degree in computer science is designed to teach students how to design, develop, test, implement, document, maintain, support, and manage applications. Students can choose from three concentrations: database administration, mobile application development, and Web development.
Wright State University Online Bachelor of Science Degrees in Computer Science
The Wright State online bachelor’s degrees in computer science are designed to provide students with the knowledge necessary to work as IT professionals. They include two core courses plus nine electives.
Yale University Online Bachelor of Science Program in Computer Science
Yale’s online bachelor’s degree in computer science is available through its School of Continuing Studies. This program offers students the chance to earn their degrees online without having to leave home. Courses are taught by faculty members from the Yale School of Management.
Top companies that hire Computer Scientists
- Kaspersky Lab
- Kaspersky Lab
- Hewlett Packard
- Adobe Systems