What is Schengen?

Schengen in simple words means control free or passport-free. It is the legal agreement between several countries, most of which are the countries of the European Union (EU), to have a border-free relationship. It is said to be the largest area in the world where there are no restrictions on passing goods or even people from one Schengen country to another.

You might have heard of or even experienced that in the US or even in most of the other countries, there is no requirement for a passport or a visa to go from one state to another. The only key difference here is instead of the state, people can freely move from one country to another country of the Schengen area.

Now, let's know about what is a Schengen area and how many countries comprise the Schengen area.

Related: 6 Most Expensive Cities In The USA

#Denmark in the fall. Taken at #SkovsgaardSlot on #Langeland pic.twitter.com/AJlIWy2s6l

— Shane Woodford (@WoodfordinDK) October 27, 2020

What Is The Schengen Area? How Many Countries Are Accounted In The Schengen Area?

The Schengen Area is the world's largest area where there are no restrictions for people living in that area to travel to every nook and cranny within the Schengen area. The Schengen Area comprises 26 European countries. Out of these 26 countries, 22 countries of the Schengen area are part of the European Union.

The 22 EU countries that are the part of Schengen Area are Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden.

Now, you might be wondering what are the rest of the four non-EU countries of the Schengen Area?

The four non-EU countries of the Schengen Area are Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein.

All these countries of the Schengen Area share common visa policy and international travel rules and regulations.

To enter these countries of the Schengen Area, a Schengen visa is required. As we say 2 in 1, the Schengen Visa is 26 in 1. A single visa permits you to have a short trip to all these 26 countries.

Schengen visa is a short term or a short stay visa using which people can travel to all the countries of the Schengen Area without any restrictions or limitations. To travel to Europe, people don't need to get a visa for each country. But instead, people commonly get a Schengen visa so that they can enjoy the journey to all 26 different countries of Europe that are also the countries of the Schengen Area.

Let's first find out the list of the countries that require and that don't require to have a Schengen Visa.

Countries that need a Schengen Visa

Not all countries require a Schengen Visa, but most of the countries do. There is a certain list of countries that are free to enter the Schengen Area even without having a Schengen Visa. While at the same time, some others are restricted to enter the Schengen Area without having a valid Schengen Visa.

These restricted countries must go through several legal processes from filling up the application to taking interviews. Only with the successful completion of all these processes, one can enter the Schengen Area with a valid passport with no further restrictions.

1. Afghanistan

2. Gabon

3. Oman

4. Algeria

5. The Gambia

6. Pakistan

7. Angola

8. Ghana

9. Papua New Guinea

10. Armenia

11. Guinea

12. Palestinian Authority

13. Azerbaijan

14. Guinea-Bissau

15. Philippines

16. Bahrain

17. Guyana

18. Qatar

19. Bangladesh

20. Haiti

21. Russia

22. Belarus

23. India

24. Rwanda

25. Belize

26. Indonesia

27. Sao Tome And Principe

28. Benin

29. Iran

30. Saudi Arabia

31. Bhutan

32. Iraq

33. Senegal

34. Bolivia

35. Jamaica

36. Sierra Leone

37. Botswana

38. Jordan

39. Somalia

40. Burkina Faso

41. Kazakhstan

42. South Africa

43. Burma/ Myanmar

44. Kenya

45. South Sudan

46. Burundi

47. Kosovo

48. Sri Lanka

49. Cambodia

50. Kuwait

51. Sudan

52. Cameroon

53. Kyrgyzstan

54. Suriname

55. Cape Verde

56. Laos

57. Swaziland

58. Central African Republic

59. Lebanon

60. Syria

61. Chad

62. Lesotho

63. Tajikistan

64. China

65. Liberia

66. Tanzania

67. Comoros

68. Libya

69. Thailand

70. Congo

71. Madagascar

72. Timor-Leste

73. Cote D'Ivoire

74. Malawi

75. Togo

76. Cuba

77. Maldives

78. Tonga

79. Dem. Rep. Of Congo

80. Mali

81. Tunisia

82. Djibouti

83. Mauritania

84. Turkey

85. Dominican Republic

86. Mongolia

87. Turkmenistan

88. Ecuador

89. Morocco

90. Uganda

91. Egypt

92. Mozambique

93. Uzbekistan

94. Equatorial Guinea

95. Namibia

96. Vietnam

97. Eritrea

98. Nepal

99. Yemen

100. Ethiopia

101. Niger

102. Zambia

103. Fiji

104. Nigeria

105. Zimbabwe

106. North Korea

107. Northern Marianas

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Schengen Visa - How To Apply For Schengen Visa?

Applying for Schengen Visa has been a heated topic for several years. People are constantly asking and looking for how to apply for Schengen Visa.

What is a Schengen Visa?

A Schengen visa is a visa that allows people to stay in the Schengen area for up to 90 days. Schengen visa is provided for people originally from outside the Schengen Area for tourism purposes or business reasons.

Let's go along with this together by digging through each content in detail. This way you will understand every bit of Schengen, Schengen Area, and Schengen Visa.

What is Schengen?

Schengen in simple words means control free or passport-free. It is the legal agreement between several countries, most of which are the countries of the European Union (EU), to have a border-free relationship. It is said to be the largest area in the world where there are no restrictions on passing goods or even people from one Schengen country to another.

You might have heard of or even experienced that in the US or even in most of the other countries, there is no requirement for a passport or a visa to go from one state to another. The only key difference here is instead of the state, people can freely move from one country to another country of the Schengen area.

Now, let's know about what is a Schengen area and how many countries comprise the Schengen area.

Related: 6 Most Expensive Cities In The USA

What Is The Schengen Area? How Many Countries Are Accounted In The Schengen Area?

The Schengen Area is the world's largest area where there are no restrictions for people living in that area to travel to every nook and cranny within the Schengen area. The Schengen Area comprises 26 European countries. Out of these 26 countries, 22 countries of the Schengen area are part of the European Union.

The 22 EU countries that are the part of Schengen Area are Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden.

Now, you might be wondering what are the rest of the four non-EU countries of the Schengen Area?

The four non-EU countries of the Schengen Area are Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein.

All these countries of the Schengen Area share common visa policy and international travel rules and regulations.

To enter these countries of the Schengen Area, a Schengen visa is required. As we say 2 in 1, the Schengen Visa is 26 in 1. A single visa permits you to have a short trip to all these 26 countries.

Schengen visa is a short term or a short stay visa using which people can travel to all the countries of the Schengen Area without any restrictions or limitations. To travel to Europe, people don't need to get a visa for each country. But instead, people commonly get a Schengen visa so that they can enjoy the journey to all 26 different countries of Europe that are also the countries of the Schengen Area.

Let's first find out the list of the countries that require and that don't require to have a Schengen Visa.

Countries that need a Schengen Visa

Not all countries require a Schengen Visa, but most of the countries do. There is a certain list of countries that are free to enter the Schengen Area even without having a Schengen Visa. While at the same time, some others are restricted to enter the Schengen Area without having a valid Schengen Visa.

These restricted countries must go through several legal processes from filling up the application to taking interviews. Only with the successful completion of all these processes, one can enter the Schengen Area with a valid passport with no further restrictions.

1. Afghanistan

2. Gabon

3. Oman

4. Algeria

5. The Gambia

6. Pakistan

7. Angola

8. Ghana

9. Papua New Guinea

10. Armenia

11. Guinea

12. Palestinian Authority

13. Azerbaijan

14. Guinea-Bissau

15. Philippines

16. Bahrain

17. Guyana

18. Qatar

19. Bangladesh

20. Haiti

21. Russia

22. Belarus

23. India

24. Rwanda

25. Belize

26. Indonesia

27. Sao Tome And Principe

28. Benin

29. Iran

30. Saudi Arabia

31. Bhutan

32. Iraq

33. Senegal

34. Bolivia

35. Jamaica

36. Sierra Leone

37. Botswana

38. Jordan

39. Somalia

40. Burkina Faso

41. Kazakhstan

42. South Africa

43. Burma/ Myanmar

44. Kenya

45. South Sudan

46. Burundi

47. Kosovo

48. Sri Lanka

49. Cambodia

50. Kuwait

51. Sudan

52. Cameroon

53. Kyrgyzstan

54. Suriname

55. Cape Verde

56. Laos

57. Swaziland

58. Central African Republic

59. Lebanon

60. Syria

61. Chad

62. Lesotho

63. Tajikistan

64. China

65. Liberia

66. Tanzania

67. Comoros

68. Libya

69. Thailand

70. Congo

71. Madagascar

72. Timor-Leste

73. Cote D'Ivoire

74. Malawi

75. Togo

76. Cuba

77. Maldives

78. Tonga

79. Dem. Rep. Of Congo

80. Mali

81. Tunisia

82. Djibouti

83. Mauritania

84. Turkey

85. Dominican Republic

86. Mongolia

87. Turkmenistan

88. Ecuador

89. Morocco

90. Uganda

91. Egypt

92. Mozambique

93. Uzbekistan

94. Equatorial Guinea

95. Namibia

96. Vietnam

97. Eritrea

98. Nepal

99. Yemen

100. Ethiopia

101. Niger

102. Zambia

103. Fiji

104. Nigeria

105. Zimbabwe

106. North Korea

107. Northern Marianas

Countries That Need an Airport Transit Schengen Visa



Several countries require an Airport Transit Schengen Visa for traveling within the Schengen Area.

Before moving onto it, let's have a brief intro of what an Airport Transit Schengen Visa is.


What is an Airport Transit Schengen Visa?



An Airport Transit Schengen Visa is a visa or a permit that is required for the people of several countries to successfully go through the Schengen Airport. Ones holding this visa are required to stay in the international transit area up until the flight to their destination country.

But there is a restriction, that the individuals holding this visa cannot leave the international transit area regardless of how long it takes them for their flight time.

Note: The individuals requiring to travel to more than one Schengen airport are not considered eligible for the Airport Transit Schengen Visa. They instead require a normal C type Schengen Visa.

Related: 6 Most Expensive Cities In The USA

Below are the lists of the countries that require an airport transit visa when going through the international transit area of any of the Schengen area airports.

1. Afghanistan

2. Bangladesh

3. The Democratic Republic of the Congo

4. Eritrea

5. Ethiopia

6. Ghana

7. Iran

8. Iraq

9. Nigeria

10. Pakistan

11. Somalia

12. Sri Lanka


How To Apply For a Schengen Visa?



Applying for a Schengen Visa requires several of the required documents. These documents are part of the Schengen Visa Application process. But one should first make sure to know if they require a Schengen Visa to enter Europe or not.

So, be sure to scroll up and see the list of the countries that need a Schengen Visa to enter the Schengen Area.


Documents Required To Apply For A Schengen Visa



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Fully completed and legally signed visa application

1. Two recent photos

2. A valid and legal passport

3. Round trip reservation or trip itinerary

4. Travel insurance policy

5. Proof of accommodation

6. Proof of financial means or stability

7. Proof of paid visa fee

Applying for any type of Schengen visa or any reason for travel, these documents are the most needed documents for all.

Certain Schengen visa requirements need to be fulfilled and it depends on the current employment status of the applicant.


Schengen Visa Requirements Based On Applicant's Employment Status



Employees:

Employment contract.

Recent bank statement prior to 6 months.

Depart approval from the recent employer.

Income Tax Return (ITR) of the current job income

Self-Employed:

A legal copy of the business license.

Company's recent bank statement prior to 6 months

Income Tax Return (ITR).

Students:

Proof of enrollment

Proof of approval from the designated school or university

Retirees:

Pension statement prior to 6 months.


Documents Required for Schengen Visa - Minors



1. Birth certificate of Minor

2. Complete Application with the signature of both parents.

3. Family court order - if only one parent acquires full custody

4. Legal and stamped copies of ID/passport of both parents.

5. A legalized parental authorization with the signature of both parents in case of traveling individually.

Related: Best Countries To Travel In 2021


Distinct Documents Required Based on Schengen Visa Type



Documents Needed To Apply for an Airport Transit Visa

Several documents must be submitted when applying for an Airport Transit Schengen Visa

1. A valid visa for the ultimate country destination, only if required

2. The flight ticket for the ultimate country destination

Related: Canada Visitor Visa- How To Apply For Canada Visitor Visa?

Documents Needed For Schengen Visa to Visit Closed Ones

Several documents must be submitted when applying for a Schengen Visa for visiting the closed ones.

1. Affidavit of Support

2. Travel Itinerary

3. Means of Subsistence

4. Letter of Invitation

Documents Needed For A Tourist Visa

1. Bank statement

2. Affidavit of Support

3. Travel Itinerary

Documents Needed For a Business Visa

All the list of the main documents required for all the visa types and also the requirements based on the applicant's employment status.

Documents Needed For a Medical Visa

1. A letter from a doctor or hospital with proof of medical treatment.

2. Official confirmation from the hospital in the EU.

3. Proof of financial stability such as


a. Bank statements.

b. Sponsorship Letter and sponsor's bank statement

c. Evidence of prior payments needed for treatment

Documents Needed For The Ones Applying For Studies

1. Two different application forms

2. Acceptance letter from the designated EU University or College.

3. Evidence supporting financial source


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